This blog is meant for learners of English, especially secondary students. Please, add your comments in English!
Apart from say
, there are other verbs that can introduce sentences in reported speech, as we saw in another blog entry. These reporting verbs are more specific: they tell us more about the intention of the speaker. Let"s see an example:Bart said: "I won"t bởi it again, dad".This sentence can be reported as:1. Bart told his dad that he wouldn"t vì it again.2. Bart promised his dad not lớn vày it again.Both reported speech sentences are correct, but the second one is better because the verb "promise" tells us a lot about the intention of the speaker, whereas "tell" is more neutral.
There are many reporting verbs, which are difficult to master even for native sầu speakers, but when used, they undoubtedly give a greater quality to their writing.In order to lớn make them easier to learn for foreign speakers of English, we are going lớn classify them in five sầu different groups according to lớn the structure or pattern they follow. Bear in mind that some of them can be found in two or even three groups:Verb + to-infinitive"I"ll bring some refreshments", she said.She offered lớn bring some refreshments.These are some of the verbs that have sầu this pattern
|Bart promised his dad not to vị it again.|
Verb + object + to-infinitive"Please, stay!", she said.She begged me lớn stay. chú ý that there is no need to lớn repeat the word "please", because its meaning is given by the reporting verb "beg".Some verbs that follow this pattern are:
|agree ||decide ||offer|
|promise ||refuse ||threaten|
|claim ||swear ||demand|
Verb + V-ing / noun"I didn"t steal the money", he saidHe denied stealing the money.Some verbs that require a gerund are:
|advise ||ask ||convince|
|encourage ||invite ||beg|
|forbid ||instruct ||order|
|request ||remind ||urge|
|persuade ||warn |
Verb + Preposition + V-ing / nounPrepositions are always followed by nouns or gerunds, so it"s easy khổng lồ rethành viên that these verbs with prepositions will be followed by the -ing size. cảnh báo that you can have sầu an object either between verb & preposition or right after the preposition."Yes, you stole the money" she said.She accused hyên ổn of stealing the money."I"m sorry I"m late!", she said.She apologised for being late.
|admit ||confess ||acknowledge|
|advise ||deny ||recommend|
|regret ||suggest |
Verb + that + Subject + VerbThis structure is more formal, so it is more commonly used in written English. The verb in the subordinate clause is in the subjunctive, but in British English it is more usual to useshould và the infinitive sầu instead of the subjunctive sầu. Examples:"Let"s go shopping", he said.He suggested that they go shopping.He suggested that they should go shoppingHe suggested going shopping.(This is less formal, as we have sầu already seen, but much more common.)These are some of the reporting verbs followed by a subordinate clause:
|Verb + Prep. + V-ing ||Verb + Object + Prep. + V-ing|
|apologise for ||accuse s.o. of|
|insist on ||blame s.o. for|
|confess to ||congratulate s.o. on|
|complain about ||forgive sầu s.o. for|
| ||warn s.o. against / about|
| ||disuade s.o. from|
One example of one of the above sầu patterns can be found in the following song by KWS, in which we can hear the expression "I"m begging you lớn stay", which is another way of saying "Please, don"t go". Enjoy!
|agree ||ask ||claim|
|demand ||decide ||guarantee|
|promise ||propose ||recommend|
|request ||swear ||suggest|