Giới thiệu Tuyển sinh 2020 Đào tạo Nghiên cứu khoa học Đoàn - Hội Tin tức
*

*

*

*

*

ISBP 745

PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATIONS

ISBP - Paragraph 1 to 7

Scope of the publication

i) This publication is to be read in conjunction with UCP600 and not in isolation.

Bạn đang xem: Isbp 745 song ngữ

ii) The practices described in this publication highlight how the articles of UCP600 are to be interpreted and applied, to the extent that the terms and conditions of the credit, or any amendment thereto, do not expressly modify or exclude an applicable article in UCP600.

The credit and amendment application, the issuance of the credit and any amendment thereto

iii) The terms and conditions of a credit and any amendment thereto are independent of the underlying sale or other contract even if the credit or amendment expressly refers to that sale or other contract. When agreeing the terms of the sale or other contract, the parties thereto should be aware of the ensuing implications for the completion of the credit or amendment application.

iv) Many of the problems that arise at the document examination stage could be avoided or resolved by the respective parties through careful attention to detail in the credit or amendment application and issuance of the credit or any amendment thereto. The applicant and beneficiary should carefully consider the documents required for presentation, by whom they are to be issued, their data content and the time frame in which they are to be presented.

v) The applicant bears the risk of any ambiguity in its instructions to issue or amend a credit. An issuing bank may, unless the applicant expressly instructs to the contrary, supplement or develop those instructions in a manner necessary or desirable to permit the use of the credit or any amendment thereto. An issuing bank should ensure that any credit or amendment it issues is not ambiguous or conflicting in its terms and conditions.

vi) The applicant and issuing bank should be fully aware of the content of UCP600 and recognize that articles such as 3, 14, 19, 20, 21, 23, 24, 28 (i), 30 and 31 define terms in a manner that may produce unexpected results. For example, a credit requiring presentation of a bill of lading and containing a prohibition against transhipment will, in most cases, have to exclude UCP600 sub-article 20 (c) to make the prohibition against transhipment effective.

vii) A credit or any amendment thereto should not require presentation of a document that is to be issued, signed or countersigned by the applicant. If, nevertheless, a credit or amendment is issued including such a requirement, the beneficiary should consider the appropriateness of such a requirement and determine its ability to comply with it, or seek a suitable amendment.

1. GENERAL PRINCIPLES

ISBP- Paragraph A1 to A41

Abbreviations

A1) Generally accepted abbreviations, such as, but not limited to, "Int"l" instead of "International", "Co." instead of "Company", "kgs" or "kos" instead of "kilograms" or "kilos", "Ind." instead of "Industry", "Ltd" instead of "Limited", "mfr" instead of "manufacturer" or "mt" instead of "metric tons" may be used in documents in substitution for a word or vice versa. A credit that includes an abbreviation in its text allows a document to show the same abbreviation or any other abbreviation that has the same meaning, or to show the complete spelling of the word or vice versa.

A2) a. Virgules (i.e., slash marks "/") may result in different meanings and should not be used as a substitute for a word. If, nevertheless, a virgule is used and no context is apparent, this will allow the use of one or more of the options. For example, a condition in a credit stating "Red/Black/Blue" with no further clarification will mean only Red or only Black or only Blue or any combination of them.

b. The use of a comma when indicating a range of data in a credit such as ports of loading or discharge or countries of origin, may result in different meanings and should not be used as a substitute for a word. If, nevertheless, a comma is used and no context is apparent, this will allow the use of one or more of the options. For example, when a credit allows partial shipment and indicates the port of loading information as "Hamburg, Rotterdam, Antwerp" with no further clarification, this will mean only Hamburg or only Rotterdam or only Antwerp or any combination of them.

 

Certificates, Certifications, Declarations and Statements

A3) When a certificate, certification, declaration or statement is required by a credit, it is to be signed.

A4) Whether a certificate, certification, declaration or statement needs to be dated will depend on the type of certificate, certification, declaration or statement that has been requested, its required wording and the wording that appears within the document.

For example, when a credit requires the presentation of a certificate issued by the carrier or its agent stating that the vessel is no more than 25 years old, the certificate may evidence compliance by indicating:

a. the date or year the vessel was built, and such date or year is no more than 25 years prior to the date of shipment or the year in which shipment was effected, in which case a date of issuance is not necessary, or

b. the wording as stated in the credit, in which case a date of issuance is required, thereby certifying that as of that date the vessel was not more than 25 years old.

A5) When a certification, declaration or statement is to appear in a document which is to be signed and dated, it does not require a separate signature or date when the certification, declaration or statement appears to have been given by the same entity that issued and signed the document.

Copies of transport documents covered by UCP600 articles 19-25

A6) a. When a credit requires the presentation of a copy of a transport document covered by UCP600 articles 19-25, the relevant article is not applicable, as these articles only apply to original transport documents. A copy of a transport document is to be examined only to the extent expressly stated in the credit, otherwise according to UCP 600 sub-article 14(f).

b. Any data shown on a copy of a transport document, when read in context with the credit, the document itself and international standard banking practice, need not be identical to, but must not conflict with, data in that document, any other stipulated document or the credit.

c. Copies of transport documents covered by UCP600 articles 19-25 are not subject to the default presentation period of 21 calendar days stated in UCP600 sub-article 14 (c) or any presentation period stated in the credit, unless the credit explicitly states the basis for determining such presentation period. Otherwise, a presentation may be made at any time, but in any event no later than the expiry date of the credit.

Correction and alteration ("correction")

A7) a. i. Any correction of data in a document issued by the beneficiary, with the exception of drafts (see paragraph B16)), need not be authenticated.

ii. When a document issued by the beneficiary has been legalized, visaed, certified, etc., any correction of data is to be authenticated by at least one of the entities that legalized, visaed or certified, etc., the document. Such authentication is to indicate the name of the entity authenticating the correction either by use of a stamp incorporating its name, or by the addition of the name of the authenticating entity accompanied by its signature or initials.

b. i. Any correction of data in a document, other than in a document issued by the beneficiary, is to appear to have been authenticated by the issuer or an entity acting as agent, proxy or for the issuer. Such authentication is to indicate the name of the entity authenticating the correction either by use of a stamp incorporating its name, or by the addition of the name of the authenticating entity accompanied by its signature or initials. In the case of authentication by an agent or proxy, the capacity of acting as agent or proxy for the issuer is to be stated.

ii. When a document other than one issued by the beneficiary has been legalized, visaed, certified, etc., any correction of data is, in addition to the requirements of paragraph A7) (b) (i), to be authenticated by at least one of the entities that legalized, visaed or certified, etc., the document. Such authentication is to indicate the name of the entity authenticating the correction either by use of a stamp incorporating its name, or by the addition of the name of the authenticating entity accompanied by its signature or initials.

c. Any correction of data in a copy document need not be authenticated.

A8) When a document other than one issued by the beneficiary contains more than one correction, either each correction is to be authenticated separately, or one authentication is to indicate that it applies to all the corrections. For example, when a document issued by XXX shows three corrections numbered 1, 2 and 3, one statement such as "Correction numbers 1, 2 and 3 authenticated by XXX" or similar, together with the signature or initials of XXX, will satisfy the requirement for authentication.

A9) The use of multiple type styles, font sizes or handwriting within the same document does not, by itself, signify a correction.

Courier receipt, post receipt and certificate of posting in respect of the sending of documents, notices and the like

A10) When a credit requires the presentation of a document as evidence of sending documents, notices and the like to a named or described entity, in the form of a courier receipt, post receipt or certificate of posting, such document is to be examined only to the extent expressly stated in the credit, otherwise according to UCP600 sub-article 14 (f) and not under UCP600 article 25.

Dates

A11) a. Even when a credit does not expressly so require:

i. drafts are to indicate a date of issuance;

ii. insurance documents are to indicate a date of issuance or effectiveness of the insurance coverage as reflected in paragraphs K10) (b) and K11); and

iii. original transport documents, subject to examination under UCP 600 articles 19-25, are to indicate a date of issuance, a dated on board notation, a date of shipment, a date of receipt for shipment, a date of dispatch or carriage, a date of taking in charge or a date of pick up or receipt, as applicable.

b. A requirement that a document, other than a draft, insurance document or original transport document, be dated will be satisfied by the indication of a date of issuance or by reference in the document to the date of another document forming part of the same presentation (for example, by the wording "date as per bill of lading number xxx" appearing on a certificate issued by a carrier or its agent) or a date appearing on a stipulated document indicating the occurrence of an event (for example, by the date of inspection being indicated on an inspection certificate that otherwise does not contain a date of issuance).

A12) a. A document, such as, but not limited to, a certificate of analysis, inspection certificate or fumigation certificate, may indicate a date of issuance later than the date of shipment.

b. When a credit requires a document to evidence a pre-shipment event (for example, "pre-shipment inspection certificate"), the document, either by its title, content or date of issuance, is to indicate that the event (for example, inspection) took place on or prior to the date of shipment.

c. When a credit requires a document, such as, but not limited to, an "inspection certificate", this does not constitute a requirement that the document is to evidence a pre-shipment event, and it need not be dated prior to the date of shipment.

A13) A document indicating a date of issuance and a later date of signing is deemed to have been issued on the date of signing.

A14) a. When a credit uses phrases to signify time on either side of a date or an event, the following shall apply:

i. "not later than 2 days after (date or event)" means a latest date. If an advice or document is not to be dated prior to a specified date or event, the credit should so state.

ii. "at least 2 days before (date or event)" means that an act or event is to take place not later than 2 days before that date or event. There is no limit as to how early it may take place.

b. i. For the purpose of calculation of a period of time, the term "within" when used in connection with a date or event excludes that date or the event date in the calculation of the period. For example, "within 2 days of (date or event)" means a period of 5 days commencing 2 days prior to that date or event until 2 days after that date or event.

ii. The term "within" when followed by a date or a reference to a determinable date or event includes that date or event date. For example, "presentation to be made within 14 May" or "presentation is to be made within credit validity (or credit expiry)" where the expiry date of the credit is 14 May, means 14 May is the last day upon which presentation is allowed, provided that 14 May is a banking day.

A15) The words "from" and "after" when used to determine a maturity date or period for presentation following the date of shipment, the date of an event or the date of a document, exclude that date in the calculation of the period. For example, 10 days after the date of shipment or 10 days from the date of shipment, where the date of shipment was 4 May, will be 14 May.

A16) Provided that the date intended can be determined from the document or from other documents included in the presentation, dates may be expressed in any format. For example, the 14th of May 2013 could be expressed as 14 May 13, 14.05.2013, 14.05.13, 2013.05.14, 05.14.13, 130514, etc. To avoid any risk of ambiguity, it is recommended that the month be stated in words.

Documents and the need for completion of a box, field or space

A17) The fact that a document has a box, field or space for data to be inserted does not necessarily mean that such box, field or space is to be completed. For example, data are not required in the box titled "Accounting Information" or "Handling Information" commonly found on an air waybill. Also see paragraph A37) in respect of the requirements for a signature to appear in any box, field or space.

Documents for which the UCP 600 transport articles do not apply

A18) a. Documents commonly used in relation to the transportation of goods, such as but not limited to, Delivery Note, Delivery Order, Cargo Receipt, Forwarder"s Certificate of Receipt, Forwarder"s Certificate of Shipment, Forwarder"s Certificate of Transport, Forwarder"s Cargo Receipt and Mate"s Receipt are not transport documents as defined in UCP 600 articles 19-25. These documents are to be examined only to the extent expressly stated in the credit, otherwise according to UCP 600 sub-article 14 (f).

b. i. For documents referred to in paragraph A18)(a), a condition of a credit that presentation is to occur within a certain number of days after the date of shipment will be disregarded, and presentation may be made at any time, but in any event no later than the expiry date of the credit.

ii. The default presentation period of 21 calendar days stated in UCP 600 sub-article 14 (c) only applies to a presentation including one or more original transport documents covered by UCP 600 articles 19-25.

c. For a presentation period to apply to a document referred to in paragraph A18) (a), the credit should specify that presentation is to be made within a certain number of days after the issuance date of the respective document, or a date that is to be mentioned in the document (for example, when a credit requires the presentation of a document titled cargo receipt, "documents to be presented no later than 10 days after the date of the cargo receipt").

Expressions not defined in UCP600

A19) The expressions "shipping documents", "stale documents acceptable", "third party documents acceptable", "third party documents not acceptable", "exporting country", "shipping company" and "documents acceptable as presented" should not be used in a credit, as they are not defined in UCP 600. If, nevertheless, they are used, and their meaning is not defined in the credit, they shall have the following meaning under international standard banking practice:

a. "shipping documents" - all documents required by the credit, except drafts, teletransmission reports and courier receipts, postal receipts or certificates of posting evidencing the sending of documents.

b. "stale documents acceptable" - documents may be presented later than 21 calendar days after the date of shipment as long as they are presented no later than the expiry date of the credit. This will also apply when the credit specifies a period for presentation together with the condition "stale documents acceptable".

c. "third party documents acceptable" - all documents for which the credit or UCP 600 do not indicate an issuer, except drafts, may be issued by a named person or entity other than the beneficiary.

d. "third party documents not acceptable" - has no meaning and is to be disregarded.

e. "exporting country" - one of the following: the country where the beneficiary is domiciled, the country of origin of the goods, the country of receipt by the carrier or the country from which shipment or dispatch is made.

f. "shipping company" - when used in the context of the issuer of a certificate, certification or declaration relating to a transport document - any one of the following: carrier, master or, when a charter party bill of lading is presented, the master, owner or charterer, or any entity identified as an agent of any one of the aforementioned, regardless of whether it issued or signed the presented transport document.

g. "documents acceptable as presented" - a presentation may consist of one or more of the stipulated documents provided they are presented within the expiry date of the credit and the drawing amount is within that which is available under the credit. The documents will not otherwise be examined for compliance under the credit or UCP 600, including whether they are presented in the required number of originals or copies.

Issuer of documents

A20) When a credit requires a document to be issued by a named person or entity, this condition is satisfied when the document appears to be issued by the named person or entity by use of its letterhead, or when there is no letterhead, when the document appears to have been completed or signed by, or for , the named person or entity.

Language

A21) a. When a credit stipulates the language of the documents to be presented, the data required by the credit or UCP 600 are to be in that language.

b. When a credit is silent with respect to the language of the documents to be presented, the documents may be issued in any language.

c. i. When a credit allows two or more acceptable languages, a confirming bank or a nominated bank acting on its nomination may restrict the number of acceptable languages as a condition of its engagement in the credit, and in such a case the data contained in the documents are only to be in the acceptable language or languages.

ii. When a credit allows a document to contain data in two or more acceptable languages and a confirming bank or a nominated bank acting on its nomination does not restrict the language or the number of acceptable languages as a condition of its engagement in the credit, it is required to examine the data in all of the acceptable languages appearing in the documents.

d. Banks do not examine data that have been inserted in a language that is additional to that required or allowed in the credit.

e. Notwithstanding paragraphs A21) (a) and (d), the name of a person or entity, any stamps, legalization, endorsements or similar, and the pre-printed text shown on a document, such as, but not limited to, field headings, may be in a language other than that required in the credit.

Mathematical calculations

A22) When the presented documents indicate mathematical calculations, banks only determine that the stated total in respect of criteria such as amount, quantity, weight or number of packages, does not conflict with the credit or any other stipulated document.

Misspellings or typing errors

A23) A misspelling or typing error that does not affect the meaning of a word or the sentence in which it occurs does not make a document discrepant. For example, a description of the goods shown as "mashine" instead of "machine", "fountan pen" instead of "fountain pen" or "modle" instead of "model" would not be regarded as a conflict of data under UCP 600 sub-article 14 (d). However, a description shown as, for example, "model 123" instead of "model 321" will be regarded as a conflict of data under that sub-article.

Multiple pages and attachments or riders

A24) When a document consists of more than one page, it must be possible to determine that the pages are part of the same document. Unless a document provides otherwise, pages which are physically bound together, sequentially numbered or contain internal cross references, however named or titled, will meet this requirement and are to be examined as one document, even if some of the pages are regarded as an attachment or rider.

A25) When a signature or endorsement is required to be on a document consisting of more than one page, and the credit or the document itself does not indicate where a signature or endorsement is to appear, the signature or endorsement may appear anywhere on that document.

Non - documentary conditions and conflict of data

A26) When a credit contains a condition without stipulating a document to indicate compliance therewith ("non-documentary condition"), compliance with such condition need not be evidenced on any stipulated document. However, data contained in a stipulated document are not to be in conflict with the non-documentary condition. For example, when a credit indicates "packing in wooden cases" without indicating that such data is to appear on any stipulated document, a statement in any stipulated document indicating a different type of packing is considered to be a conflict of data.

Originals and copies

A27) A document bearing an apparently original signature, mark, stamp or label of the issuer will be considered to be an original unless it states that it is a copy. Banks do not determine whether such a signature, mark, stamp or label of the issuer has been applied in a manual or facsimile form and, as such, any document bearing such method of authentication will satisfy the requirements of UCP 600 article 17.

A28) Documents issued in more than one original may be marked "Original","Duplicate", "Triplicate", "First Original", "Second Original", etc. None of these markings will disqualify a document as an original.

A29) a. The number of originals to be presented is to be at least the number required by the credit or UCP 600.

b. When a transport document or insurance document indicates how many originals have been issued, the number of originals stated on the document is to be presented, except as stated in paragraphs H12) and J7) (c).

c. When a credit requires presentation of less than a full set of original transport documents, (for example, "2/3 original bills of lading"), but does not provide any disposal instructions for the remaining original bill of lading, a presentation may include 3/3 original bills of lading.

d. When a credit requires, for example, presentation of:

i. "Invoice", "One Invoice", "Invoice in 1 copy" or "Invoice - 1 copy", it will be understood to be a requirement for an original invoice.

ii. "Invoice in 4 copies" or "Invoice in 4 fold" will be satisfied by the presentation of at least one original invoice and any remaining number as copies.

iii. "photocopy of invoice" or "copy of invoice" will be satisfied by the presentation of either a photocopy, copy or, when not prohibited, an original invoice.

iv. "photocopy of a signed invoice" will be satisfied by the presentation of either a photocopy or copy of the original invoice that was apparently signed or, when not prohibited, a signed original invoice.

A30) a. When a credit prohibits the presentation of an original document by stating, for example, "photocopy of invoice - original document not acceptable in lieu of photocopy" or the like, only a photocopy of an invoice or an invoice marked copy is to be presented.

b. When a credit requires the presentation of a copy of a transport document and indicates a disposal instruction for all originals of that document, a presentation is not to include any original of such document.

A31) a. Original documents are to be signed when required by the credit, the document itself (except as stated in paragraph A37)) or UCP 600.

b. Copies of documents need not be signed nor dated.

Shipping marks

A32) When a credit specifies the details of a shipping mark, documents mentioning the shipping mark are to show those details. The data in a shipping mark indicated on a document need not be in the same sequence as those shown in the credit or in any other stipulated document.

A33) A shipping mark indicated on a document may show data in excess of what would normally be considered a "shipping mark", or which is specified in the credit as a "shipping mark", by the addition of information such as, but not limited to, the type of goods, warnings concerning the handling of fragile goods or net and gross weight of the goods.

A34) a. Transport documents covering containerized goods often only show a container number, with or without a seal number, under the heading "Shipping mark" or similar. Other documents that show a more detailed marking will not be in conflict for that reason.

b. The fact that some documents show additional information as mentioned in paragraphs A33) and A34) (a), while others do not, will not be regarded as a conflict of data under UCP 600 sub-article 14 (d).

Signatures

A35) a. A signature, as referred to in paragraph A31)(a), need not be handwritten. Documents may also be signed with a facsimile signature (for example, a pre-printed or scanned signature), perforated signature, stamp, symbol (for example, a chop) or any mechanical or electronic method of authentication.

b. A requirement for a document to be "signed and stamped" or a similar requirement is satisfied by a signature in the form described in paragraph A35) (a) and the name of the signing entity typed, stamped, handwritten, pre-printed or scanned on the document, etc.

c. A statement on a document such as "This document has been electronically authenticated" or "This document has been produced by electronic means and requires no signature" or words of similar effect does not, by itself, represent an electronic method of authentication in accordance with the signature requirements of UCP 600 article 3.

d. A statement on a document indicating that authentication may be verified or obtained through a specific reference to a website (URL) constitutes a form of electronic method of authentication in accordance with the signature requirements of UCP 600 article 3. Banks will not access such websites to verify or obtain authentication.

A36) a. A signature on the letterhead paper of a named person or entity is considered to be the signature of that named person or entity unless otherwise stated. The named person or entity need not be repeated next to the signature.

b. When a signatory indicates it is signing for a branch of the issuer, the signature will be considered to be that of the issuer.

A37) The fact that a document has a box, field or space for a signature does not in itself mean that such box, field or space is to be completed with a signature. For example, a signature is not required in the space titled "Signature of shipper or their agent" commonly found on an air waybill or "Signature of shipper" on a road transport document. Also see paragraph A17) in respect of the requirements for data to appear in a box, field or space.

A38) When a document includes wording such as "This document is not valid unless countersigned by (name of the person or entity)" or words of similar effect, the applicable box, field or space is to contain a signature and the name of the person or entity that is countersigning the document.

Title of documents and combined documents

A39) Documents may be titled as called for in the credit, bear a similar title or be untitled. The content of a document must appear to fulfil the function of the required document. For example, a requirement for a "Packing List" will be satisfied by a document containing packing details whether it is titled "Packing List", "Packing Note", "Packing and Weight List", etc., or bears no title.

A40) Documents required by a credit are to be presented as separate documents. However, and as an example, a requirement for an original packing list and an original weight list will also be satisfied by the presentation of two original combined packing and weight lists, provided that such documents state both packing and weight details.

A41) A document required by a credit that is to cover more than one function may be presented as a single document or separate documents that appear to fulfil each function. For example, a requirement for a Certificate of Quality and Quantity will be satisfied by the presentation of a single document or by a separate Certificate of Quality and Certificate of Quantity provided that each document appears to fulfil its function and is presented in the number of originals and copies as required by the credit.

2. DRAFTS AND CALCULATION OF MATURITY DATE

ISBP- Paragraph B1 to B18

Basic requirement

B1) a. A draft, when required, is to be drawn on the bank stated in the credit.

 

b. Banks only examine a draft to the extent described in paragraphs B2)-B17).

Tenor

B2) a. The tenor stated on a draft is to be in accordance with the terms of the credit.

b. When a credit requires a draft to be drawn at a tenor other than sight or a certain period after sight, it must be possible to establish the maturity date from the data in the draft itself.

For example, when a credit calls for drafts at a tenor 60 days after the bill of lading date, and when the date of the bill of lading is 14 May 2013, the tenor is to be indicated on the draft in one of the following ways:

i. "60 days after bill of lading date 14 May 2013", or

ii. "60 days after 14 May 2013", or

iii. "60 days after bill of lading date" and elsewhere on the face of the draft state "bill of lading date 14 May 2013" or

iv. "60 days date" on a draft dated the same day as the date of the bill of lading, or

v. "13 July 2013", i.e., 60 days after the bill of lading date.

c. When the tenor refers to, for example, 60 days after the bill of lading date, the on board date is deemed to be the bill of lading date even when the on board date is prior to or later than the date of issuance of the bill of lading.

d. The words "from" and "after" when used to determine maturity dates of drafts signify that the calculation of the maturity date commences the day following the date of the document, shipment or the date of an event stipulated in the credit, for example, 10 days after or from 4 May is 14 May.

e. i. When a credit requires a bill of lading and drafts are to be drawn, for example, at 60 days after or from the bill of lading date and a bill of lading is presented evidencing unloading and reloading of the goods from one vessel to another, and showing more than one dated on board notation and indicating that each shipment was effected from a port within a permitted geographical area or range of ports, the earliest of these dates is to be used for the calculation of the maturity date. For example, a credit requires shipment from any European port, and the bill of lading evidences on board vessel "A" from Dublin on 14 May, with transhipment effected on board vessel "B" from Rotterdam on 16 May. The draft should reflect 60 days after the earliest on board date in a European port, i.e., 14 May.

ii. When a credit requires a bill of lading and drafts are to be drawn, for example, at 60 days after or from the bill of lading date, and a bill of lading is presented evidencing shipment of goods on the same vessel from more than one port within a permitted geographical area or range of ports, and shows more than one dated on board notation, the latest of these dates is to be used for the calculation of the maturity date. For example, a credit requires shipment from any European port, and the bill of lading evidences part of the goods loaded on board vessel "A" from Dublin on 14 May and the remainder on board the same vessel from Rotterdam on 16 May. The draft should reflect 60 days after the latest on board date, i.e., 16 May.

iii. When a credit requires a bill of lading and drafts are to be drawn, for example, at 60 days after or from the bill of lading date, and more than one set of bills of lading is presented under one draft, the on board date of the latest bill of lading will be used for the calculation of the maturity date.

B3) While the examples in paragraphs B2) (e) (i-iii) refer to bill of lading dates, the same principles apply to any basis for determining a maturity date.

Maturity date

B4) When a draft states a maturity date by using an actual date, that date is to reflect the terms of the credit.

B5) For drafts drawn, for example, "at 60 days sight", the maturity date is established as follows:

a. in the case of a complying presentation, the maturity date will be 60 days after the day of presentation to the bank on which the draft is drawn, i.e., the issuing bank, confirming bank or a nominated bank that agrees to act on its nomination ("drawee bank").

b. in the case of a non-complying presentation:

i. when such drawee bank has not provided a notice of refusal, the maturity date will be 60 days after the day of presentation to it;

ii. when the drawee bank is the issuing bank and it has provided a notice of refusal, at the latest 60 days after the date the issuing bank accepts the waiver of the applicant;

iii. when the drawee bank is a bank other than the issuing bank and it has provided a notice of refusal, at the latest 60 days after the date of the acceptance advice of the issuing bank. When such drawee bank does not agree to act on the acceptance advice of the issuing bank, the undertaking to honour on the due date is that of the issuing bank.

c. The drawee bank is to advise or confirm the maturity date to the presenter.

B6) The method of calculation of tenor and maturity dates, as shown above, also applies to a credit available by deferred payment or, in some cases, negotiation, i.e., when there is no requirement for a draft to be presented by the beneficiary.

Banking days, grace days, delays in remittance

B7) Payment is to be made in immediately available funds on the due date at the place where the draft or documents are payable, provided that such due date is a banking day in that place. When the due date is a non-banking day, payment is due on the first banking day following the due date. Delays in the remittance of funds, for example grace days, the time it takes to remit funds, etc., are not to be in addition to the stated or agreed due date as defined by the draft or documents.

Drawing and signing

B8) a. A draft is to be drawn and signed by the beneficiary and to indicate a date of issuance.

b. When the beneficiary or second beneficiary has changed its name, and the credit mentions the former name, a draft may be drawn in the name of the new entity provided that it indicates "formerly known as (name of the beneficiary or second beneficiary)" or words of similar effect.

B9) When a credit indicates the drawee of a draft by only stating the SWIFT address of a bank, the draft may show the drawee with the same details or the full name of the bank.

B10) When a credit is available by negotiation with a nominated bank or any bank, the draft is to be drawn on a bank other than the nominated bank.

B11) When a credit is available by acceptance with any bank, the draft is to be drawn on the bank that agrees to accept the draft and is thereby willing to act on its nomination.

B12) When a credit is available by acceptance with:

a. a nominated bank or any bank, and the draft is to be drawn on that nominated bank (which is not a confirming bank), and it decides not to act on its nomination, the beneficiary may choose to:

i. draw the draft on the confirming bank, if any, or request that the presentation be forwarded to the confirming bank in the form as presented;

ii. present the documents to another bank that agrees to accept a draft drawn on it and thereby act on its nomination (applicable only when the credit is available with any bank); or

iii. request that the presentation be forwarded to the issuing bank in the form as presented with or without a draft drawn on the issuing bank.

b. a confirming bank, and the draft is to be drawn on that confirming bank and the presentation is non-complying, and it decides not to reinstate its confirmation, the beneficiary may request that the presentation be forwarded to the issuing bank in the form as presented, with or without a draft drawn on the issuing bank.

Amounts

B13) A draft is to be drawn for the amount demanded under the presentation.

B14) The amount in words is to accurately reflect the amount in figures when both are shown, and indicate the currency as stated in the credit. When the amount in words and figures are in conflict, the amount in words is to be examined as the amount demanded.

Endorsement

B15) A draft is to be endorsed, if necessary.

Correction and alteration ("correction")

B16) Any correction of data on a draft is to appear to have been authenticated with the addition of the signature or initials of the beneficiary.

B17) When no correction of data is allowed in a draft, an issuing bank should have included a suitable stipulation in its credit.

Drafts drawn on the applicant

B18) a. A credit must not be issued available by a draft drawn on the applicant.

b. However, when a credit requires the presentation of a draft drawn on the applicant as one of the required documents, it is to be examined only to the extent expressly stated in the credit, otherwise according to UCP 600 sub-article 14 (f).

3. INVOICES

ISBP - Paragraph C1 to C15

Title of invoice

C1) a. When a credit requires presentation of an "invoice" without further description, this will be satisfied by the presentation of any type of invoice (commercial invoice, customs invoice, tax invoice, final invoice, consular invoice, etc.). However, an invoice is not to be identified as "provisional", "pro-forma" or the like.

b. When a credit requires presentation of a "commercial invoice", this will also be satisfied by the presentation of a document titled "invoice", even when such document contains a statement that it has been issued for tax purposes.

Issuer of an invoice

C2) a. An invoice is to appear to have been issued by the beneficiary or, in the case of a transferred credit, the second beneficiary.

b. When the beneficiary or second beneficiary has changed its name and the credit mentions the former name, an invoice may be issued in the name of the new entity provided that it indicates "formerly known as (name of the beneficiary or second beneficiary)" or words of similar effect.

Description of the goods, services or performance and other general issues related to invoices

C3) The description of the goods, services or performance shown on the invoice is to correspond with the description shown in the credit. There is no requirement for a mirror image. For example, details of the goods may be stated in a number of areas within the invoice which, when read together, represent a description of the goods corresponding to that in the credit.

C4) The description of goods, services or performance on an invoice is to reflect what has actually been shipped, delivered or provided. For example, when the goods description in the credit indicates a requirement for shipment of "10 trucks and 5 tractors", and only 4 trucks have been shipped, an invoice may indicate shipment of only 4 trucks provided that the credit did not prohibit partial shipment. An invoice indicating what has actually been shipped (4 trucks) may also contain the description of the goods stated in the credit, i.e., 10 trucks and 5 tractors.

C5) An invoice showing a description of the goods, services or performance that corresponds with that in the credit may also indicate additional data in respect of the goods, services or performance provided that they do not appear to refer to a different nature, classification or category of the goods, services or performance.

For example, when a credit requires shipment of "Suede Shoes", but the invoice describes the goods as "Imitation Suede Shoes", or when the credit requires "Hydraulic Drilling Rig", but the invoice describes the goods as "Second Hand Hydraulic Drilling Rig", these descriptions would represent a change in nature, classification or category of the goods.

C6) An invoice is to indicate:

a. the value of the goods shipped or delivered, or services or performance provided.

b. unit price(s), when stated in the credit.

c. the same currency as that shown in the credit.

d. any discount or deduction required by the credit.

C7) An invoice may indicate a deduction covering advance payment, discount, etc., that is not stated in the credit.

C8) When a trade term is stated as part of the goods description in the credit, an invoice is to indicate that trade term, and when the source of the trade term is stated, the same source is to be indicated. For example, a trade term indicated in a credit as "CIF Singapore Incoterms2010" is not to be indicated on an invoice as "CIF Singapore" or "CIF Singapore Incoterms". However, when a trade term is stated in the credit as "CIF Singapore" or "CIF Singapore Incoterms", it may also be indicated on an invoice as "CIF Singapore Incoterms 2010" or any other revision.

C9) Additional charges and costs, such as those related to documentation, freight or insurance costs, are to be included within the value shown against the stated trade term on the invoice.

C10) An invoice need not be signed or dated.

C11) Any total quantity of goods and their weight or measurement shown on the invoice is not to conflict with the same data appearing on other documents.

C12) An invoice is not to indicate:

a. over-shipment (except as provided in UCP 600 sub-article 30 (b)), or

b. goods, services or performance not called for in the credit. This applies even when the invoice includes additional quantities of goods, services or performance as required by the credit or samples and advertising material and are stated to be free of charge.

C13) The quantity of goods required in the credit may be indicated on an invoice within a tolerance of +/-5%. A variance of up to +5% in the quantity of the goods does not allow the amount demanded under the presentation to exceed the amount of the credit. The tolerance of +/-5% in the quantity of the goods will not apply when:

a. a credit states that the quantity is not to be exceeded or reduced; or

b. a credit states the quantity in terms of a stipulated number of packing units or individual items.

C14) When no quantity of goods is stated in the credit, and partial shipments are prohibited, an invoice issued for an amount up to 5% less than the credit amount will be considered to cover the full quantity and not a partial shipment.

Instalment drawings or shipments

C15) a. i. When a drawing or shipment by instalments within given periods is stipulated in the credit, and any instalment is not drawn or shipped within the period allowed for that instalment, the credit ceases to be available for that and any subsequent instalment. Given periods are a sequence of dates or timelines that determine a start and end date for each instalment. For example, a credit requiring shipment of 100 cars in March and 100 cars in April is an example of two periods of time that start on 1 March and 1 April and end on 31 March and 30 April respectively.

ii. When partial drawings or shipments are allowed, any number of drawings or shipments is permitted within each instalment.

b. When a credit indicates a drawing or shipment schedule by only indicating a number of latest dates, and not given periods (as referred to in paragraph C15) (a) (i)):

i. this is not an instalment schedule as envisaged by UCP 600, and article 32 will not apply. The presentation is to otherwise comply with any instructions in respect of the drawing or shipment schedule and UCP 600 article 31;

ii. when partial drawings or shipments are allowed, any number of drawings or shipments is permitted on or before each latest date for a drawing or shipment to occur.

4. TRANSPORT DOCUMENT COVERING AT LEAST TWO DIFFERENT MODES OF TRANSPORT ("multimodal or combined transport document")

ISBP - Paragraph D1 to D32

Application of UCP 600 article 19

D1) a. A requirement in a credit for the presentation of a transport document, however named, covering movement of goods utilizing at least two different modes of transport means that UCP 600 article 19 is to be applied in the examination of that document.

b. i. A multimodal or combined transport document is not to indicate that shipment or dispatch has been effected by only one mode of transport, but it may be silent regarding some or all of the modes of transport utilized.

ii. A multimodal or combined transport document is not to contain any indication of a charter party as described in paragraphs G2) (a) and (b).

c. When a credit requires the presentation of a transport document other than a multimodal or combined transport document, and it is clear from the routing of the goods stated in the credit that more than one mode of transport is to be utilized, for example, when an inland place of receipt or final destination are indicated, or the port of loading or discharge field is completed but with a place which is in fact an inland place and not a port, UCP 600 article 19 is to be applied in the examination of that document.

D2) In all places where the term "multimodal transport document" is used within this publication, it also includes the term "combined transport document". The transport document presented need not be titled "Multimodal transport document" or "Combined transport document" or words of similar effect even when the credit so names the required document.

Issuance, carrier, identification of the carrier and signing of a multimodal transport document

D3) a. A multimodal transport document may be issued by any entity other than a carrier or master (captain) provided it meets the requirements of UCP 600 article 19.

b. When a credit indicates "Freight Forwarder"s Multimodal Transport Document is acceptable" or "House Multimodal Transport Document is acceptable" or words of similar effect, a multimodal transport document may be signed by the issuing entity without it being necessary to indicate the capacity in which it has been signed or the name of the carrier.

D4) A stipulation in a credit that "Freight Forwarder"s Multimodal Transport Documents are not acceptable" or "House Multimodal Transport Documents are not acceptable" or words of similar effect has no meaning in the context of the title, format, content or signing of a multimodal transport document unless the credit provides specific requirements detailing how the multimodal transport document is to be issued and signed. In the absence of these requirements, such a stipulation is to be disregarded, and the multimodal transport document presented is to be examined according to the requirements of UCP600 article 19.

D5) a. A multimodal transport document is to be signed in the form described in UCP 600 sub-article 19 (a) (i) and to indicate the name of the carrier, identified as the carrier.

b. When a multimodal transport document is signed by a named branch of the carrier, the signature is considered to have been made by the carrier.

c. When an agent signs a multimodal transport document for the carrier, the agent is to be named and, in addition, to indicate that it is signing as "agent for (name), the carrier" or as "agent on behalf of (name), the carrier" or words of similar effect. When the carrier is identified elsewhere in the document as the "carrier", the named agent may sign, for example, as "agent for the carrier" without naming the carrier again.

d. When the master (captain) signs a multimodal transport document, the signature of the master is to be identified as the "master". The name of the master need not be stated.

e. When an agent signs a multimodal transport document for the master (captain), the agent is to be named and, in addition, to indicate that it is signing as "agent for the master" or as "agent on behalf of the master" or words of similar effect. The name of the master need not be stated.

On board notation, date of shipment, place of receipt, dispatch, taking in charge, port of loading or airport of departure

D6) The issuance date of a multimodal transport document will be deemed to be the date of receipt, dispatch, taking in charge or shipment on board and the date of shipment, unless it bears a separate dated notation evidencing receipt, dispatch, taking in charge or shipment on board from the place, port or airport stated in the credit. In the latter event, such date will be deemed to be the date of shipment whether that date is before or after the issuance date of the multimodal transport document. A separate dated notation may also be indicated in a designated field or box.

D7) When a credit requires shipment to commence from a port, i.e., when the first leg of the journey, as required by the credit, is by sea, a multimodal transport document is to indicate a dated on board notation, and in this event paragraph E6) (b-d) will also apply.

D8) In a multimodal transport document, when a credit requires shipment to commence from a port, the named port of loading should appear in the port of loading field. However, it may also be stated in the field headed "Place of receipt" or words of similar effect, provided there is a dated on board notation evidencing that the goods were shipped on board a named vessel at the port stated under "Place of receipt" or words of similar effect.

D9) A multimodal transport document is to indicate the place of receipt, dispatch, taking in charge, port of loading or airport of departure stated in the credit. When a credit indicates the place of receipt, dispatch, taking in charge, port of loading or airport of departure by also stating the country in which the place, port or airport is located, the name of the country need not be stated.

D10) When a credit indicates a geographical area or range of places of receipt, dispatch, taking in charge, ports of loading or airports of departure (for example, "Any European Country" or "Hamburg, Rotterdam, Antwerp Port"), a multimodal transport document is to indicate the actual place of receipt, dispatch, taking in charge, port of loading or airport of departure, which is to be within that geographical area or range of places. A multimodal transport document need not indicate the geographical area.

D11) Terms such as "Shipped in apparent good order", "Laden on board", "Clean on board" or other phrases that incorporate "shipped" or "on board" have the same effect as the words "Shipped on board".

Place of final destination, port of discharge or airport of destination

D12) a. In a multimodal transport document, when a credit requires shipment to be effected to a port, the named port of discharge should appear in the port of discharge field.

b. However, the named port of discharge may be stated in the field headed "Place of final destination" or words of similar effect provided there is a notation evidencing that the port of discharge is that stated under "Place of final destination" or words of similar effect. For example, when a credit requires shipment to be effected to Felixstowe, but Felixstowe is shown as the place of final destination instead of the port of discharge, this may be evidenced by a notation stating "Port of discharge Felixstowe".

D13) A multimodal transport document is to indicate the place of final destination, port of discharge or airport of destination stated in the credit. When a credit indicates the place of final destination, port of discharge or airport of destination by also stating the country in which the place or port is located, the name of the country need not be stated.

D14) When a credit indicates a geographical area or range of places of final destination, ports of discharge or airports of destination (for example, "Any European Country" or "Hamburg, Rotterdam, Antwerp Port"), a multimodal transport document is to indicate the actual place of final destination, port of discharge or airport of destination, which is to be within that geographical area or range of places. A multimodal transport document need not indicate the geographical area.

Original multimodal transport document

D15) a. A multimodal transport document is to indicate the number of originals that have been issued.

b. Multimodal transport documents marked "First Original", "Second Original", "Third Original", or "Original", "Duplicate", "Triplicate" or similar expressions are all originals.

Consignee, order party, shipper and endorsement, and notify party

D16) When a credit requires a multimodal transport document to evidence that goods are consigned to a named entity, for example, "consigned to (named entity)" (i.e., a "straight" multimodal transport document or consignment) rather than "to order" or "to order of (named entity)", it is not to contain the expressions "to order" or "to order of" preceding the named entity, or the expression "or order" following the named entity, whether typed or pre-printed.

D17) a. When a multimodal transport document is issued "to order" or "to order of the shipper", it is to be endorsed by the shipper. An endorsement may be made by a named entity other than the shipper, provided the endorsement is made for the shipper.

b. When a credit requires a multimodal transport document to evidence that goods are consigned "to order of (named entity)", it is not to indicate that the goods are straight consigned to that named entity.

D18) a. When a credit stipulates the details of one or more notify parties, a multimodal transport document may also indicate the details of one or more additional notify parties.

b. i. When a credit does not stipulate the details of a notify party, a multimodal transport document may indicate the details of any notify party and in any manner (except as stated in paragraph D18) (b) (ii)).

ii. When a credit does not stipulate the details of a notify party, but the details of the applicant appear as notify party on a multimodal transport document, and these details include the applicant"s address and contact details, they are not to conflict with those stated in the credit.

D19) When a credit requires a multimodal transport document to evidence goods consigned to or to the order of "issuing bank" or "applicant" or notify "applicant" or "issuing bank", a multimodal transport document is to indicate the name of the issuing bank or applicant, as applicable, but need not indicate their respective addresses or any contact details that may be stated in the credit.

D20) When the address and contact details of the applicant appear as part of the consignee or notify party details, they are not to conflict with those stated in the credit.

Transhipment, partial shipment and determining the presentation period when multiple sets of multimodal transport documents are presented

D21) In multimodal transport transhipment will occur. Transhipment is the unloading and reloading of goods from one means of conveyance to another means of conveyance (whether or not in different modes of transport) during the carriage of those goods from the place of receipt, dispatch or taking in charge, port of loading or airport of departure to the place of final destination, port of discharge or airport of destination stated in the credit.

D22) Shipment on more than one means of conveyance (more than one truck , vessel, aircraft, etc.) is a partial shipment, even when such means of conveyance leaves on the same day for the same destination.

D23) a. When a credit prohibits partial shipment, and more than one set of original multimodal transport documents are presented covering receipt, dispatch, taking in charge or shipment from one or more points of origin (as specifically allowed, or within a geographical area or range of places stated in the credit), each set is to indicate that it covers the carriage of goods on the same means of conveyance and same journey and that the goods are destined for the same destination.

b. When a credit prohibits partial shipment, and more than one set of original multimodal transport documents are presented in accordance with paragraph D23) (a) and incorporate different dates of receipt, dispatch, taking in charge, or shipment, the latest of these dates is to be used for the calculation of any presentation period and must fall on or before the latest date of receipt, dispatch, taking in charge or shipment stated in the credit.

c. When partial shipment is allowed, and more than one set of original multimodal transport documents are presented as part of a single presentation made under one covering schedule or letter and incorporate different dates of receipt, dispatch, taking in charge or shipment, on different means of conveyance, the earliest of these dates is to be used for the calculation of any presentation period, and each of these dates must fall on or before the latest date of receipt, dispatch, taking in charge or shipment stated in the credit.

Clean multimodal transport document

D24) A multimodal transport document is not to include a clause or clauses that expressly declare a defective condition of the goods or their packaging.

Xem thêm: 126 qd tw download

For example:

a. A clause on a multimodal transport document such as "packaging is not sufficient for the sea journey" or words of simi