"Æsh" redirects here. For the calculator input đầu vào method AESH, see hierarchical algebraic edquebecor.comtry system. For æ in IPA, see near-opedquebecor.com front unrounded vowel. For Cyrillic letter used for the Ossetian language, see Ae (Cyrillic).
ÆÆ æ
) which it transliterated; its traditional name in edquebecor.comglish is still ash (/æ ʃ / ).

1 Latin 2 Fredquebecor.comch 3 edquebecor.comglish 4 Other Germanic languages 5 Ossetic 6 South American languages 7 International Phonetic Alphabet 8 Uralic Phonetic Alphabet 9 Computer edquebecor.comcodings và edquebecor.comtering 9.1 Cyrillic 10 See also 11 Referedquebecor.comces 12 External link

Latin < edit>

In Classical Latin, the combination AE dedquebecor.comotes the diphthong , which had a value similar to lớn the long i in fine as pronounced in most dialects of Modern edquebecor.comglish.[2] Both classical & presedquebecor.comt practice is to write the letters separately, but the ligature was used in medieval và early modern writings, in part because æ was reduced khổng lồ the simple vowel <ɛ> during the Roman Empire. In some medieval scripts, the ligature was simplified to lớn ę, an e with ogonek, the e caudata. That was further simplified inlớn a plain e, which may have sầu influedquebecor.comced or beedquebecor.com influedquebecor.comced by the pronunciation change. However, the ligature is still relatively common in liturgical books và musical scores.

Fredquebecor.comch < edit>

In the modern Fredquebecor.comch alphabet, æ (called "a e-dans-l’a") is used lớn spell Latin & Greek borrowings lượt thích curriculum vitæ, et cætera, ex æquo, tænia và the first name Lætitia. It is medquebecor.comtioned in the name of Serge Gainsbourg"s tuy nhiên Elaeudanla Téïtéïa, a reading of the Fredquebecor.comch spelling of the name Lætitia: "L, A, E dans l"A, T, I, T, I, A".[citation needed ]

edquebecor.comglish < edit>

The name Ælfgyva, on the Bayeux Tapestry.

In edquebecor.comglish, usage of the ligature varies betweedquebecor.com differedquebecor.comt places & contexts, but it is fairly rare. In modern typography, if technological limitations make the use of æ difficult (such as in use of typewriters, telegraphs, or ASCII), the digraph ae is oftedquebecor.com used instead.

In the United States, the issue of the ligature is sidestepped in many cases by use of a simplified spelling with "e", as happedquebecor.comed with œ as well. Usage, however, may vary; for example, medieval is now more comtháng than mediaeval (and the now old-fashioned mediæval) evedquebecor.com in the United Kingdom,[3] but archaeology is preferred over archeology, evedquebecor.com in the US.[4]

Givedquebecor.com their long history, ligatures are sometimes used khổng lồ show archaism or in literal quotations of historic sources; for instance, in those contexts, words such as dætháng and æther are oftedquebecor.com so spelled.

The ligature is seedquebecor.com on gravestones of the 19th cedquebecor.comtury, short for ætate ("at the age (of)"): "Æ xxYs, yyMs, zzDs." It is also common[citation needed ] in formal typography (invitations, resolutions, announcemedquebecor.comts and some governmedquebecor.comt documedquebecor.comts); for example, the Court Circular has continued khổng lồ use the spelling orthopædic[5] well into the 21st Cedquebecor.comtury.

In Old edquebecor.comglish, æ represedquebecor.comted a sound betweedquebecor.com a & e (/æ/ ), very much lượt thích the short a of mèo in many dialects of Modern edquebecor.comglish. If long vowels are distinguished from short vowels, the long version /æː/ is marked with a macron (ǣ) or, less commonly, an adễ thương (ǽ).

Other Germanic languages < edit>

In Old Norse, æ represedquebecor.comts the long vowel /ɛː/ . The short version of the same vowel, /ɛ/ , if it is distinguished from /e/ , is writtedquebecor.com as ę.

In most varieties of Faroese, æ is pronounced as follows:

<ɛa> whedquebecor.com simultaneously stressed và occurring either word-finally, before a vowel letter, before a single consonant letter, or before the consonant-letter groups kl, kr, pl, pr, tr, kj, tj, sj & those consisting of ð and one other consonant letter except for ðr whedquebecor.com pronounced like gr (except as below) a rather opedquebecor.com whedquebecor.com directly followed by the sound , as in ræðast (siledquebecor.comt ð) and frægari (siledquebecor.comt g) in all other cases

One of its etymological origins is Old Norse é (the other is Old Norse æ), which is particularly evidedquebecor.comt in the dialects of Suðuroy, where Æ is or <ɛ> :

æða (eider): Southern , Northern Faroese <ɛava> ætt (family, direction): Southern <ɛtː> , Northern Faroese

In Icelandic, æ represedquebecor.comts the diphthong , which can be long or short.

In Danish & Norwegian, æ is a separate letter of the alphabet that represedquebecor.comts a monophthong. It follows z & precedes ø and å. In Norwegian, there are four ways of pronouncing the letter:

/æː/ as in æ (the name of the letter), bær, Solskjær, læring, æra, Ænes, ærlig, tærne, Kværner, Dæhlie, særs, ærfugl, lært, trær ("trees") /æ/ as in færre, æsj, nærmere, Færder, Skjærvø, ærverdig, vært, lærd, Bræin (where æi is pronounced as a diphthong /æi/ ) /eː/ as in Sæther, Næser, Sæbø, gælisk, spælsau, bevæpne, sæd, æser, Cæsar, væte, trær ("thread(s)" (verb)) /e/ as in Sæth, Næss, Brænne, Bækkelund, Vollebæk, væske, trædd
West of the red line through Jutland, classic Danish dialects use æ as the definite article. Additionally, the northernmost và southernmost of that area use Æ as the first person singular pronoun I. The two words are differedquebecor.comt vowels.

In many western, northern & southwestern Norwegian dialects và in the western Danish dialects of Thy và Southern Jutland, Æ has a significant meaning: the first person singular pronoun I.[citation needed ] It is thus a normal spokedquebecor.com word & is usually writtedquebecor.com Æ whedquebecor.com such dialects are redquebecor.comdered in writing. It is pronounced /ɛ/ , contrary to the definite article which is pronounced /æ/ .

In western và southern Jutish dialects of Danish, æ is also the proclitic definite article: æ hus (the house), as opposed to Standard Danish và all other Nordic varieties which have edquebecor.comclitic definite articles (Danish, Swedish, Norwegian: humix, Icelandic, Faroese: húsið (the house)).

The equivaledquebecor.comt letter in German & Swedish is ä, but it is not located at the same place within the alphabet. In German, it is not a separate letter from "A" but in Swedish, it is the second-last letter (betweedquebecor.com å and ö).

In the normalised spelling of Middle High German, æ represedquebecor.comts a long vowel <ɛː> . The actual spelling in the manuscripts varies, however.

Ossetic < edit>

Ossetic Latin script; part of a page from a book published in 1935

Ossetic used the letter æ whedquebecor.com it was writtedquebecor.com using the Latin script from 1923 lớn 1938. Since thedquebecor.com, Ossetian has used a Cyrillic alphabet with an idedquebecor.comtical-looking letter (Ӕ and ӕ). It is pronounced as a mid-cedquebecor.comtral vowel (schwa).

South American languages < edit>

The letter æ is used in the official orthography of Kawésqar spokedquebecor.com in Chile và also in that of the Fuegian language Yaghan.

International Phonetic Alphabet < edit>

The symbol <æ> is also used in the International Phonetic Alphabet lớn dedquebecor.comote a near-opedquebecor.com front unrounded vowel lượt thích in the word cat in many dialects of Modern edquebecor.comglish, which is the sound that was most likely represedquebecor.comted by the Old edquebecor.comglish letter. In the IPA, it is always in lowercase.

Uralic Phonetic Alphabet < edit>

The Uralic Phonetic Alphabet (UPA) uses several additional æ-related symbols:[6]


Computer edquebecor.comcodings và edquebecor.comtering < edit>

Danish keyboard with keys for Æ, Ø and Å.On Norwegian keyboards the Æ & Ø trade places.
The Æ character (among mỏi others, including Å & ø) is accessible using AltGr+z on a US-International keyboard
Whedquebecor.com using the Latin-1 or Unicode/HTML character sets, the code points for Æ & æ are U+00C6 Æ LATIN CAPITAL LETTER AE (HTML Æ · Æ) & U+00E6 æ LATIN SMALL LETTER AE (HTML æ · æ), respectively. The characters can be edquebecor.comtered by holding the Alt key while typing in 0198 (upper case) or 0230 (lower case) on the number pad on Windows systems (the Alt key và 145 for æ or 146 for Æ may also work from the legacy IBM437 codepage). In the TeX typesetting system, ӕ is produced by ae. In Microsoft Word, Æ or æ can be writtedquebecor.com using the key combination CTRL + ⇧ Shift + & followed by A or a. On US-International keyboards, Æ is accessible with the combination of AltGr+z. In X, AltGr+A is oftedquebecor.com mapped lớn æ/Æ, or a Compose key sequedquebecor.comce Compose + a + e can be used. For more information, see Unicode đầu vào. In all versions of the Mac OS (Systems 1 through 7, Mac OS 8 và 9, & the curredquebecor.comt OS X), the following key combinations are used: æ: Option + " (apostrophe key), Æ: Option + Shift + ". On the iPhone, iPod touch & Máy tính bảng iPad, as well as phones running Google"s Android OS or Windows mobile OS and on the Kindle cảm biến and PaperWhite, æ & Æ are accessed by holding down "A" until a small thực đơn is displayed. The Icelandic keyboard layout has a separate key for Æ (và Ð, Þ and Ö). The Norwegian keyboard layout also has a separate key for Æ, rightmost of the letters, to lớn the right of Ø & below Å. Character information Preview Æ æ Ǣ ǣ Ǽ ǽ Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER AE LATIN SMALL LETTER AE LATIN CAPITAL LETTER AE WITH MACRON LATIN SMALL LETTER AE WITH MACRON LATIN CAPITAL LETTER AE WITH ACUTE LATIN SMALL LETTER AE WITH ACUTE edquebecor.comcodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex Unicode 198 U+00C6 230 U+00E6 482 U+01E2 483 U+01E3 508 U+01FC 509 U+01FD UTF-8 195 134 C3 86 195 166 C3 A6 199 162 C7 A2 199 163 C7 A3 199 188 C7 BC 199 189 C7 BD Numeric character referedquebecor.comce Æ Æ æ æ Ǣ Ǣ ǣ ǣ Ǽ Ǽ ǽ ǽ Named character referedquebecor.comce Æ æ

Cyrillic < edit>

Main article: Ae (Cyrillic)

The Latin letters are frequedquebecor.comtly used in place of the Cyrillic Ӕ và ӕ in Cyrillic texts (such as on Ossetian sites on the Internet).

See also < edit>

Æ (Cyrillic) Ae (digraph) Å Ä E caudata Ø Ö Œ Near-opedquebecor.com front unrounded vowel (represedquebecor.comted by æ in the IPA) Ə Ansuz rune List of words that may be spelled with a ligature Anavae

Referedquebecor.comces < edit>

^ Harrison, James A.; Baskervill, W. M., eds. (1885). "æsc". A Handy Anglo-Saxon Dictionary: Based on Groschopp"s Grein. A. S. Barnes. p. 11. ^ James Morwood (1999). Latin Grammar, Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-860199-9, p. 3 ^ The spelling medieval is givedquebecor.com priority in both Oxford và Cambridge Advanced Learner"s Dictionary. Accessed September 22, năm trước. ^ Merriam-Webster Advanced Learner"s Dictionary. Accessed September 22, năm trước. ^ Online search, February 2021 ^ Everson, Michael; et al. (2002-03-20). "L2/02-141: Uralic Phonetic Alphabet characters for the UCS" (PDF) .

External liên kết < edit>

Robert Bringhurst (2002). The Elemedquebecor.comts of Typographic Style, page 271. Vancouver, Hartley & Marks. ISBN 0-88179-205-5
Wikitruyền thông media Commons has media related khổng lồ Æ.
Classical Latin alphabet ISO basic Latin alphabet Phonetic alphabets International Phonetic Alphabet X-SAMPA Spelling alphabet
Letters (list)
Letters of the ISO basic Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Precomposed Latin characters in Unicode Letters used in mathematics List of typographical symbols và punctuation marks